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Which Technologies Should You Use For Backend Development in 2022?

Web Development Technologies

A backend is also known as the “behind the scenes” system of a web development solution. It provides a robust architecture that links the front end and the database. A web development solution will lack flexibility and responsiveness if the backend isn’t strong enough.

What backend technology to use for web development is driven by three fundamental considerations:

  1. It includes your business objectives, priorities, and goals.
  2. The business type.
  3. The suitability of a technology.

We will explore the top technologies you should use to build your backend in 2022.

1. NodeJS

NodeJS is a runtime environment for JavaScript. It depends on Chrome’s V8 engine. NodeJS allows the creation of backend solutions using the JavaScript language. It is used for numerous purposes, mainly website development and backend API services. Here is how the NodeJS development company can leverage the benefits of this technology for backend development.

2. Scalability

NodeJS has got you covered in terms of scalability. A scalable backend is the backbone of every website. With scalability strategies like Cloning, Decomposing, Vertical, and Horizontal partitioning, NodeJS helps scale your website to manage increasing workload with maximum uptime. No matter if you want to scale up due to more workload or increase the tolerance and availability to failure, NodeJS can manage it.

High Performance

NodeJS offers high performance compared to other runtime environments because it is single-threaded. It uses a single main thread to process every server request using event loops for executing blocking I/O operations pretending to be a non-blocking method. All in all, it provides benefits in terms of websites performing and scaling more efficiently and quickly.

Increases Productivity

NPM (Node Package Manager) is loaded with Node.js enabling developers to manage NodeJS packages easily. It enhances web development productivity because of NPM CLI and the easy way to download and install packages. It makes JavaScript development quick and efficient providing a more productive approach.

3. Python

Python is a highly efficient, flexible, and versatile programming language. Python is widely used in backend development. A wide range of Python tools, frameworks, and libraries help in Python web development.

Efficient development process

Python is very efficient because its code is lightweight as it requires fewer lines of code to perform the tasks compared with other programming languages. It can speed up the development process. You can choose a Python website development company for faster backend development.

Provide support for libraries

Various standard libraries come with Python, which simplifies the development process. Python is an excellent programming language for AI and ML. It allows implementing AI and ML in web development. Hence, removing the requirement for external libraries.


It might be the reason for Python’s increasing popularity in the last few years. Django uses the model-view-template (MVT) architecture, a pattern based on best practices for organizing your code. This framework is excellent for fully-fledged websites and mid-range scalable projects. It has built-in features and allows for code reuse, coherent modification of different code components, and other functionality simplifying web development.

4. PHP

According to W3Techs research, almost 77.7% of all websites use PHP for their backend. PHP’s great functionality, an array of available add-ins to extend its capabilities, open-source nature, and tremendous online community support has made it a perennial favorite among novices and established development agencies worldwide.

Part of a well-tested Stack

PHP is one of the components of the LAMP stack, which comprises Apache HTTP, MySQL, and Linux. Various businesses have tested and validated this backend technology, making it a robust one. Furthermore, all of its LAMP’s elements are free of charge, so companies save substantial money.

Wide selection of databases

PHP enables connection with almost any type of database. MySQL is the most common choice because it is free, effective, and popular amongst developers. Other database management systems compatible with PHP are MS-SQL, SQLite, MySQL, etc. Additionally, it can be well utilized with Redis, MongoDB, and other non-relational databases. Due to this, developers are not limited to the usage of the specific database and can select the most optimal for backend development.

Good Flexibility

PHP flexibility enables it to combine with various other programming languages therefore, PHP development services can utilize the most appropriate technology for that specific feature. Additionally, PHP is a cross-platform language that implies developers can use any primary operating system like Windows, macOS, Linux to perform the coding. Due to a high level of flexibility, the development process is much faster and less expensive.

5. Ruby on Rails

It is a server-side web development framework. Ruby simplifies coding with Rails and provides a testing framework for writing test scenarios that improve the application’s robustness and security.

High Reliability and Maintainability

Ruby on Rails development uses the TDD (test-driven technology) approach, and the toolkit supports extensive capabilities. It implies that solutions developed using Ruby on Rails are stable and can be maintained easily. With RoR’s excellent automated testing tools, the transition stage of the project from the “program is written” to the “program works without errors” can be speedily done.


The codebase of Ruby is lean (resulting in fewer lines of redundant code) and easy to understand, leading to accelerated development speed. A system with less code requires less time to write while still maintaining the same functionality. You’ll see how it helps a ruby on rails web development company code faster and provide better solutions when you add Rails.


Ruby on Rails is flexible and solutions built on it can be adapted as per needs. For any functionality you miss in the future, separate modules are available for implementing them. Moreover, Ruby lets you remove or redefine various elements.

Wrapping It Up!!

Web development relies heavily on backend technologies. A website’s backend determines how well it will perform, how fast it will be, and how well it responds. Appealing and intuitive front-end is futile if there is no efficient backend to support user functionalities.

When choosing backend technologies, don’t hesitate to look for the right web backend development experts. A well-experienced web development company will help you determine the best backend technology for your project. Therefore, selecting the right backend development company is crucial to making your project successful in the market.

Author’s Bio: Emily White is a senior web developer at CSSChopper which is a renowned web development company providing front-end and backend web development services. She has years of experience and is well-versed with the latest development tools and technologies. She utilizes her free time by writing technical blogs and articles.

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