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MongoDB – Some of its Advantages and Disadvantages in Business Application

MongoDB, Business Application, database management, document

MongoDB is an open-source database system, which is more document-oriented and helps to store business documents using dynamic schemas, which is a more innovative approach compared to the conventional relational databases. Even though NoSQL is a pretty new concept in terms of database management, MongoDB is largely gaining attention lately with its ability to calculate the MapReduce and the distributed key-value stores.

As we can see, the fast-exploding data on internet and other sources are raising the requirement for more capable databases to ensure high performance and need-based scaling. Corporate is on the look for database capabilities to handle huge volumes of individual data chunks. This is a major reason why unconventional databases like MongoDB are becoming more acceptable.

Being one leading in the line of NoSQL databases, MongoDB has some significant advantages. Apart from high-end flexibility and scalability to handle volumes of data, it also helps the enterprises to streamline data services and manage the business apps with improved efficiency. More importantly, it helps improve the overall user experience too.

An overview of MongoDB

As discussed above, one can see that MongoDB had grown as one of the top among NoSQL databases in no time. A lot of business, of all scales, with the need to handle a huge volume of data adopted MongoDB in a quick and agile manner. MongoDB is object-oriented and open-source alongside being simple, scalable, and dynamic. It is developed on C++ programming language, which ensures top performance and flexibility. Some notable features of this database system are as below:

  • A unique document model is used to map the application code to the database objects, which makes data management much easier.
  • The built-in strengths like multi-location distribution with horizontal scaling make MongoDB an ideal choice in case of distributed databases.
  • Data analysis using MongoDB is also easy with real-time aggregation. Analytical features like indexing and random queries are built-in to MongoDB. This will further help to determine better performance as a whole or sectional with more speed and effectiveness.
  • The field of MongoDB can be customized to vary within documents, which will help in structural changes of data at any period in time. This is made possible with the help of documents like Binary JSON, which has much more flexibility in terms of data storage.

Business applications of MongoDB

A few major business sectors in which MongoDB can ensure optimal performance are:

  • Mobile infrastructure
  • Social infrastructure
  • Data center maintenance.
  • Content management and content delivery
  • User data management etc.

Some business functions pointed out by in which MongoDB can be more effective include:

  • MongoDB makes it easier to do data reporting in real-time with the ability to easily recall data over multiple servers. This quick response helps the business leaders to get a better grip on the business processes and decision making.
  • The changed and upgrades to your existing databases can be implemented quickly with MongoDB owing to its high flexibility.
  • Highly effective in content management systems, especially for businesses which need more flexibility in terms of database construction and management to include fields and parameters which may change in different documents.
  • Businesses which deploy various sensors for data collection may sometimes get exhausted with the legacy RDBMS systems. However, this problem doesn’t arise with MongoDB with its handling capabilities and flexibility.

All these made MongoDB a welcoming NoSQL database in no time

Even though there are many MongoDB takers, there are a lot of DBAs still want to stick to the traditional SQL databases as MongoDB now has its own share of disadvantages too. So, for the business administrators to make a better choice regarding choosing between these, here we will try to list a few advantages vs. disadvantages of Mongo DB in case of business database management.

Benefits of MongoDB

  1. Sharing and load balancing

When you have to deal with huge volume data to manage traffic distribution to various machines to do load balancing, then there is a significant advantage of using MongoDB over conventional databases. Sharding is a unique approach by MongoDB, which helps to fulfill the demands related to data growth and enables horizontal scaling over multiple machines to accommodate the increasing volume of data.

  1. High flexibility

Using MongoDB is simpler and more versatile compared to other RDBMS as it doesn’t need a unified data structure across all objects. However, for users, data structure and consistency are a good thing to have, so it is always advisable to have a unified data structure.

  1. Speed

As data is stored a single point, MongoDB works so fast. But, on the other hand, it works this way only if all the data you handle is a single document. While working on a data which is a relational model, it may take more time to handle independent queries to retrieve data.

Drawbacks of MongoDB

  1. More memory usage

By storing a key name for each document, MongoDB needs higher memory space. Joins and slow queries are also not possible so you may have to deal with a fair amount of duplicate data too.

  1. No joins

Unlike the relational DBs, joins aren’t possible with MongoDB. You have to do multiple querying if there is a need of joins, which needed to be done manually.

  1. Not fully developed

MongoDB is a relatively new platform which is still under development whereas SQL was well established in the 1980s itself. Within its short span of a lie, MongoDB is also not extensively documented and also face difficulties with lack of support.

Considering all the above factors, you can see that there are many benefits as well as drawbacks on adopting MongoDB as your DBMS. You need to seriously think of a switch on to it only if the advantages can significantly benefit you and the disadvantages may not affect you much. Also, as we have seen, traditional relational databases are there in practice for a long time, and MongoDB is comparatively new to the database administration industry. It does carry a lot of potential for sure, but we may have to wait for a few more years to see it fully matured and functional to effectively meet the database management challenges. There is a higher possibility for MongoDB to become an advantageous platform in the databases industry in the future.

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