In the mid-1990s, some patients reported headache relief after botulinum toxin injections. This substance blocks the transmission of nerve impulses to a particular muscle for some time. The highly diluted botulinum toxin type A (Botox) drug was introduced into clinical practice and has since found application in other fields of medicine.
After many studies, Botox was licensed specifically for the treatment of chronic migraine in 2010. Migraine – is a condition of intense headache, which is accompanied by lasting more than 4 hours, loss of normal functioning in humans and nausea. Such conditions are often treated with painkillers and, unfortunately, at the moment, migraines are quite common.
To get rid of migraines for a long time and not to use painkillers, patients are injected with Botox injections into the area of the nose, temple, nape, back of the neck and along the trapezius. This procedure can only be performed by an experienced specialist who has received appropriate training. Incorrect toxin administration can have serious consequences.
How does Botox for migraines work?
Botox injections are given in one session to the muscles of the head, face or neck. After such a session, most patients report that intense pain disappears and single seizures do not occur more than once a month. Part of the injection points are located in the frontal muscles, which additionally provides a cosmetic effect of smoothing wrinkles.
Before the session, the doctor collects all the patient’s health information and prescribes a course of treatment. To perform the procedure there must be 3 symptoms:
- daily or almost daily headaches;
- severe neck pain, which often extends to the head;
- migraine attacks that occur more than 2 times a week.
How exactly does the toxin act on the cause of the pain? Unknown. It can be assumed that botulinum toxin inhibits migraine pain because it reduces the expression of certain pain pathways. Botox injections have been clinically proven to help with several diseases that are associated with nerve endings.
There is no specific type of treatment, the number of injections and their frequency are determined by the doctor for consultation. But the average treatment for migraine pain with botulinum toxin type A is 1 injection every 12 weeks. Better results can be assessed after 2-3 treatment sessions. Some patients report that after 5 sessions of this type of treatment, their condition has improved over a longer period. There is also evidence that botulinum toxin injections help with depression and sleep disorders.
The advantage of this type of treatment is that the human body often becomes accustomed to a particular drug and ceases to be sensitive to it. Then the patients note the drowsiness of the drugs. Botox injections are not addictive in humans and are safe for the body.
Does It Hurt?
Product injections are performed with a thin syringe. Anesthetic is applied before the session. The session is painless and comfortable. Usually, injections are injected into the forehead area, above the eyebrows, into the temples and nape of the neck. The average dose of the drug per procedure is 100 units. Several points are introduced into each zone. This type of treatment is approximately 6 months.
The use of Botox is rapidly expanding in various fields of medicine. This product gained popularity fairly quickly. But it is worth noting that Botox justified all hopes and expectations. Many women and men choose this product to be not only beautiful but also healthy!