Bad dog breath is undoubtedly one of the most common conditions that will make parents worry a lot. Not only does bad breath prevents dog owners from spending time with their furry baby, but it can also cause numerous health problems. There are multiple causes of bad breath in dogs. Even though some of them aren’t serious and harmless, some other causes might prove a sign of severe health problems.
If your dog is having a bad breath problem and you don’t know the causes, this article is perfect for you. In this article, we will discuss the common causes of bad dog breath so that you can implement the necessary solutions to address the problem effectively. Without further ado, let’s get started.
Causes of Bad Breath in Dog
If the bad breath problem in your dog lasts less than a couple of days, you don’t need to worry much as it will go away soon. However, when your dog is still suffering from bad breath problems, make sure you assume that your dog has ‘chronic halitosis’. To cure the symptoms of bad breath, you first need to understand the underlying causes.
Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is one of the primary causes of bad breath in dogs. It is a bacterial infection that affects the gums and teeth, causing inflammation, bleeding, and ultimately teeth loss. If left untreated, gum disease can spread to other parts of the body, leading to serious health problems.
Preventing gum disease in dogs involves regular dental checkups, brushing their teeth regularly, and providing them with dental chews or toys. If gum disease is already present, your vet may recommend a deep cleaning or surgical intervention to remove the infected tissue and prevent further damage.
Imbalance of Gut Microbiome
Another common cause of bad breath in dogs is an imbalance of the gut microbiome. The gut microbiome is made up of trillions of bacteria that play a crucial role in digesting food, regulating metabolism, and supporting the immune system. If this balance is disrupted, it can lead to bad breath and other health issues.
To prevent an imbalance of gut microbiome, make sure you feed your dog a balanced diet that includes probiotics and prebiotics. You can also provide them with supplements that support digestive health and encourage the growth of beneficial bacteria in their gut.
Food Stuck in Their Mouth
Sometimes, bad breath in dogs can be caused by food that is stuck in their mouth. This is particularly common in dogs with small mouths or crowded teeth. The food particles can get trapped between their teeth, leading to bacterial growth and bad breath.
Feeding them appropriately sized kibble or wet food that is easy to chew and swallow is one of the most effective ways to treat this health problem. You can also provide them with dental chews or toys that help clean their teeth and remove any trapped food particles.
Liver disease is another potential cause of bad breath in dogs. When the liver is not functioning properly, it can lead to a buildup of toxins in the body, which can cause bad breath. Other signs of liver disease in dogs include vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, and lethargy.
Preventing liver disease in dogs involves feeding them a healthy diet, limiting their exposure to toxins, and scheduling regular checkups with their vet. Keep in mind that if the vet discovers the signs of liver disease, they will recommend medication as well as some other specific interventions to manage the condition.
Like liver disease, kidney disease can also cause bad breath in dogs. When the kidneys are not functioning properly, they are unable to filter toxins from the body, which can lead to a buildup of waste products and bad breath. Other signs of kidney disease in dogs include increased thirst and urination, weight loss, and lethargy.
Preventing kidney disease in dogs involves feeding them a healthy diet, providing them with plenty of water, and scheduling regular checkups with their vet. When you contact a reputed vet, they may recommend medication or other interventions to manage the condition.
Diabetes is a metabolic turmoil that can also cause bad breath in dogs. When the body is unable to appropriately control blood sugar levels, it can lead to a buildup of ketones in the blood, which can cause a distinct odor on the breath. Other signs of diabetes in dogs include increased thirst and urination, weight loss, and lethargy. As per Pet MD, mental dullness is a common sign of untreated diabetes.
Finally, bad breath in dogs can sometimes be caused by oral tumors. These tumors can be benign or malignant and can lead to a range of symptoms, including bad breath, bleeding, difficulty eating, and facial swelling.
Preventing oral tumors in dogs involves regular dental checkups and monitoring for any changes in their mouth or behavior. If oral tumors are present, your vet may recommend surgery or other interventions to remove them.
Certain types of dietary infections can also cause bad breath in dogs. This can include infections caused by eating contaminated food or water, as well as infections caused by parasites or other pathogens.
To prevent dietary infections, owners should make sure their dogs are eating high-quality food and drinking clean water. They should also be aware of the signs of infection, such as diarrhea or vomiting, and seek veterinary care if necessary.
Susceptibility and Other Problems
Finally, some dogs may simply be more susceptible to bad breath than others. This can be due to a range of factors, including genetics, age, and overall health. In some cases, bad breath in dogs may be a symptom of a larger health problem that requires medical attention.
If a dog is experiencing persistent bad breath, it is important to work with a veterinarian to identify the underlying cause and develop an appropriate treatment plan. With proper care and attention, most cases of bad breath in dogs can be effectively managed.
These are the causes of bad breath in dogs you need to know. If you have any other questions, feel free to let us know in the comment section below.
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