MySQL is a relational database management system. It enables users to create, store, and retrieve information. It makes it easy to manage large entries and retrieve certain data.
Issues like data crushing and accidental deletion are common when dealing with data. This kind of data loss is unacceptable.
To avoid any data loss, it’s important that you backup databases. This enables you to restore the information in case of unfortunate scenarios.
MySQL provides queries and methods that assist in creating backups. Here are some guidelines that can help with data restoration in case of any losses.
Backing-up MySQL Database
Maintaining a lot of data in a MySQL database is very risky. That’s because the data could easily get lost in various ways such as hardware failures. That’s why we have this article to help you learn how to go about safeguarding that critical information.
Find out here about the different ways in which you can back up MySQL databases.
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1. Incremental MySQL
Backups are very important. But working with large databases involves a high server load. Also, having a backup done once a day or week can cause you to lose a lot of working hours. That’s where incremental Backup comes in. It ensures backups are done frequently without overloading the server.
The incremental backup includes information that has changed since the previous backups were done. It reduces the size of backups, enabling users to make such backups more frequently.
Users can execute the creation of incremental backups through a MySQL backup binary log file. Every transaction applied to the MySQL server is written to binary log files. Users are then able to restore the original database from these files.
2. Backup Using SqlBak
This is a cloud backup service. It offers users a range of options to automatically backup MySQL databases. The creation of a SqlBak backup involves:
- Sending data to cloud storage locations
The backup process doesn’t end there. There’s the sending of notifications and running a restore to a different device.
Apart from creating a MySQL backup, SqlBak also creates backups for PostgreSQL and MS SQL server databases.
3. Backup Using MySQL Workbench
This is a unified visual tool for database developers and architects. The MySQL Workbench application enables users to create backups of MySQL databases. The following are processes to creating logical backups of MySQL Workbench:
- Go to the administration tab, which is on the left side of the navigation panel by default.
- Select the data Export option
- In the Data Export tab in the tables to export section, choose the database you’d like to add to the backup file.
- From the Export options, choose the format for your exported data. Two things can happen here. First, every table will get exported to a separate .sql file. The other thing that could happen is that one common .sql file will get created.
The AutoMySQLBackup has amazing features. It enables users to:
- Backup a single database
- Backup multiple databases
- Backup all databases on the server
The databases are saved in separate files that can get compressed.
This utility rotates backups. It doesn’t keep them filing your hard drive.
1. Backup Using SQLBackupAndFTP
SQLBackupAndFTP allows users to backup and restore MySQL, SQL Server, and PostgreSQL.
The SQLBackupAndFTP is meant for the automated creation of backups. Apart from simplifying backups, this utility enables users to perform a one-click restore. It’s also able to automate the restore. This is very useful when it comes to synchronizing data.
The following steps will help you create a MySQL database backup using SQLBackupAndFTP:
- Step one: Choose the connection type MySQL server (phpMyAdmin or TCP) to connect to the server
- Step two: Choose the databases you’d like to backup from the select databases section.
- Step three: Decide where you’d want to store your backups. It can be local, FTP, or cloud storage services like Google Drive or Dropbox. Remember that you are at liberty to select several places where your backups can be sent.
- Step four: Create a backup schedule in the schedule backups section.
- Step five: Set the send confirmation option. This will ensure you receive email notifications about completed backups.
The above settings are basic. A user can also decide to adjust the compression level of backups. This can get done by setting a password for them. You can also specify a temporary folder to do the work by setting up scripts to run.
2. Backup Using phpMyAdmin
This is an open-source tool used to administer MySQL through a browser. You might consider it a little too much to install phpMyAdmin for creating backups. But, if an individual already uses this tool, they can create a backup in just five steps:
- Step one: Choose the database found in the left panel
- Step two: Then move to the export tab.
- Step three: To back up the entire server, choose Quick. In backing up certain databases, a user needs to choose ‘custom’ to see more settings.
- Step four: Choose the SQL format, which is the best for backup.
- Step five: Click Go.
Oftentimes, hosting vendors don’t provide direct access to a MySQL database. Rather, they offer users access through phpMyAdmin. But like with the MySQL Workbench, phpMyAdmin works with databases.
The phpMyAdmin doesn’t support built-in mechanisms in automating the creation of backups. In such a case, sqlBak or the SQLBackupAndFTP can be used to connect a MySQL database over phpMyAdmin.
3. MySQL Database Backup Using Mysqldump
This is a command-line utility that creates a backup file with a set of commands. It creates a logical backup of every data present in the database. Users can only use the Mysqldump if they have an accessible and running database.
If their data is inaccessible, they can create a physical backup of their data.
Databases are very important entities in an organization. So it’s frightening to think of a situation whereby all the records about a business would get lost. As such, organizations should always have a safe backup of their data.
In the case of MySQL, it’s a bit tricky to back up data. It’s even trickier to restore it. But, this article has listed out possible backup methods. With them, users can also restore their data through simple and effective steps.
Users must ensure they have basic database management knowledge to do the backup processes.