If you haven’t been living under a rock for the past decade, chances are you’ve heard of the Internet of Things (IoT) revolution. The Internet of Things (IoT) is a term used to describe a network of physical devices, mechanical and digital machines, objects, that enable us to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or even human-to-computer interaction.
IoT is a huge leap in terms of advancement from the previous data technologies that require human input and that transmitted information in one direction only. This technology is penetrating our lives at an exponential rate.
We will soon see every gadget, device, and appliance, connected to each other, enabling almost an automatic operation of these technologies.
Here are the 7 transformations that IoT will bring into our lives.
1. Smart Agriculture
There are many benefits of IoT in agriculture and it is an expanding area of knowledge at the moment. A smart farm can be used to improve crop yields by collecting and analyzing data, such as temperature, humidity, rainfall levels, and other factors that can impact the yield and quality of the crops.
Data scientists can then use the gathered information to make recommendations on irrigation or pesticide/fertilizer application.
On top of that, data analytics could also be used in optimizing livestock feeding strategies through nutrient content analysis of the feed or even the individual animals’ health. Farmers could use this data to ascertain when an animal could be sick before they even show any visible signs of damage, allowing the farmers to make preventive interventions sooner in order to save the animal from unnecessary suffering or even death.
People working with these kinds of technologies are experts at data analytics. Running computer operations that complex, at least, requires you to have master’s degree level knowledge in computers. Combining your Master’s of Computer Science degree with data analytics practices is going to make you reach the cutting edge of the IoT revolution.
2. Smart Logistics
Logistics companies are beginning to use machine learning and predictive analytics to avert problems in the supply chains before they can even happen. It is not just about tracking deliveries inside the supply chain, but it is about providing the right information to the suppliers, vendors, and retailers about the operations, constraints, and other information they might be interested in.
This information is vital for supply chain management, as it allows companies to make informed decisions about their stocks, enabling them to avoid over-stocking or running out of an in-demand portfolio item.
IoT will allow logistics companies to track shipments in real-time through GPS technology. They can use smart packaging that makes use of sensors in tracking packages and damages that might have been incurred on the journey over.
It is also possible to use RFID tags embedded inside the packaging and labels to track products, as they are moved around in distribution centers and even individual stores. With the help of this technology, it is possible to know exactly where each individual product is on its journey. IoT will make logistics easier, more efficient, and a lot more convenient for businesses and consumers alike.
3. Remote Health Monitoring
Remote monitoring provides real-time information on patients’ conditions. It helps doctors prescribe medicines in advance by analyzing the data collected from wearable devices, such as bracelets and watches.
These devices collect information on motion patterns and heart rates so that doctors know when intervention might be required to prevent the onset of an imminent event, such as a stroke or heart attack.
The IoT will also make it possible for doctors to monitor how patients are responding to treatments like chemotherapy. This type of remote monitoring could save lives by allowing specialists to adjust dosages or alter treatment plans if something does not seem right.
4. Smart Bulbs
One of the most common examples of IoT applications is smart light bulbs—LED bulbs that can be controlled remotely via a smartphone. There are multiple advantages of using smart light bulbs: you can control them remotely and set timers for different settings.
In addition, smart light bulbs are energy efficient and can last longer than regular ones. So, if you want to add some cool gadgets to your home or office, you might want to consider buying smart light bulbs. What is important to know is that you do not have to buy new light bulbs to reap the pleasures of a smart home. Instead, you can buy an adapter that will allow your regular light bulbs to work as smart ones.
5. Smart Construction
Construction companies are recognizing the potential benefits of IoT technology in their industry and are starting to incorporate more of them into their processes. For example, by using IoT technology in construction, it is possible to monitor the status of an entire structure.
Sensors can monitor structural elements in identifying potential problems before they may cause any significant damage. With the help of IoT, buildings will become much more energy-efficient because they will be able to detect problems much earlier and respond proactively, which might lead to utility cost reductions in building overhead.
6. Smart Thermostats
Smart thermostats are on the horizon of advancements in home comfort and convenience. A smart thermostat allows you to control the temperature in your home from nearly anywhere, as long as you have Internet access.
These devices read and record temperatures inside your home constantly so that you can be sure that you waste less energy on unnecessary heating or cooling. The thermostat studies your habits and adjusts temperature controls accordingly to meet your preferences while saving you money and reducing your carbon footprint.
7. Self-Driving Cars
A decade ago, self-driving cars seemed like an impossibility suited only for sci-fi movies. But with the developments in artificial intelligence and machine learning, self-driving vehicles are on their way to becoming a reality.
These vehicles will be able to perform a multitude of tasks, such as driving themselves or even delivering groceries and packages. Most of them use sensors that are capable of detecting both visible light and infrared light, which helps them interpret what is going on around them.
They also have GPS systems that enable them to make correct decisions regarding road traffic by having real-time and accurate access to their own location data. This information is then processed by an advanced computer system that uses complex algorithms to determine how the vehicle should be reacting in any given situation. Cars like Google’s new self-driving car have already been tested on public roads, demonstrating that the self-driving vehicle technology may be realized within our own lifetimes.
IoT will offer a ton of opportunities to pursue. Although the real impact of these technologies will not be realized till we are closer to widespread adoption. The future might hold a lot more than what is deemed possible in this day and age. In the near future, where IoT will have penetrated every facet of our lives, being connected and integrated with technology will take on a whole new meaning.